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 Institutional Reform Vision and Strategy Development, Institutional Reform Unit, Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation 

Country and Location: Cairo, Egypt.
Name of Client: GTZ (Germany) and Netherlands Government.
Address: Institutional Reform Unit, Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, Minister’s Office, MWRI Main Building, 11th Floor.

Start Date


June 2004

Completion Date


February 2005

Narrative Description of Project:



The purpose of this study to develop the institutional reform vision and strategy for the Ministry. To do this, the consulting team prepared draft vision and strategy that are scrutinized by the key staff of the Ministry. Institutional reform vision is based mainly on considering the integrated water resources management concept as the main strategy for reform. This concept has lead to adopting three main principles: Participation, Decentralization, and Basin Approach. For strategy, several scenarios are suggested for both old and new lands, based on revolutionary and evolutionary views. These scenarios will be compared for their fulfillment of reform principles, benefits, and risks. This will lead in the end to the final institutional reform vision and strategy to be followed by the Ministry.

Strategy development was guided by eight principles:


1) Participation:  increased responsibility and authority of users.
2) Decentralization:  delegation of MWRI operational responsibilities to horizontally integrated local MWRI administrations.
3) Basin organization:  adoption of hydrological unit boundaries for management and administrative units wherever feasible.
4) Water quality:  pollution control and prevention as an integrated dimension of water management.
5) Private sector participation:  increasing the demand for private sector investment and services and facilitating their supply.
6) Privatization:  divestiture, where feasible, of nonessential MWRI assets and activities.
7) Cost recovery:  transfer of financial responsibility to users along with management responsibility, recovery of selected main system O&M costs, and partial recovery of selected local I&D improvement costs.
8) Interministerial coordination:       establishment of National Water Council to ensure policy and program coordination, strengthen laws, and improve enforcement.


The eight strategies are applied, in different degrees and combinations, to Egypt’s three main water management contexts:  the old lands of the Nile Valley and Delta, the groundwater-based areas of Egypt’s deserts, and the “new lands” developments of Toshka and North Sinai.


Description of Actual Services:


This project provides consulting services and workshop facilitation. The Consultants prepared various studies to Ministry Executive staff and share with them the comparative studies and the selection of the best institutional reform vision and strategy solution.


Tentative Action Plan (2006-2017) and future organization structures of the Ministry for reform stages are developed in this project. The structure is based on building civil society at all levels, corresponding with ministry levels. Some of the existing sectors and units will remain, but they have to be restructured to cope with the variation in the mandates of the Ministry.